People feel that they are alive when they are facing death.
Sorry I don’t know who said it.
This method was invented by Socrates (469-399 BC) who was a classical Greek philosopher.
The Socratic Method is defined as a process which aims to augment knowledge, to resolve doubt, or to solve a problem. It is commonly used in schools and universities because it helps students to improve their critical thinking skills and to simplify the understanding of a new material. The essential element of the Socratic method is questioning; it reveals hidden assumptions which are analysed in order to check their real value.
Elements of the Socratic Questioning
- Although it is considered as a logical fallacy, it is used in the Socratic method to provoke critical thinking. The questions are aimed not on the logic of thoughts but on the personal beliefs.
- People should be interested in the conversation so that the discussion brings up as much as possible of the ideas.
Remember why you are doing it
- It happens, sometimes, that people forget the purpose of the Socratic questioning, which is to acquire knowledge, and they start getting emotionally attached to their beliefs which diminishes their view of the situation; consequently, it makes the Socratic method inefficient.
Types of questions
- Ideally, the Socratic questions shouldn’t guide someone’s reasoning towards pr-established goal (Teachers in school essentially use leading questions to guide thinking of their students towards a goal). It should be spontaneous.